- Quorum : The quorum is basically the minimum number of Member States who are needed to be present for the PGA (President of the General Assembly)/Chair while opening a meeting and it is also necessary for the GA (General Assembly) to take decisions. The quorum determined for commencement of a GA meeting is one-third of the Member States in the Plenary and one-fourth of the Member States in the Main Committees. However, the quorum for the adoption of decisions/resolutions and also elections is simply the majority of Member States.
Points of order :
Points of order are one of the most important aspects in the whole procedure and it can be raised by Member States at any time and at any point in the meeting. Point of order is pivotal as it can challenge Chairman also and if a delegate feels that the Chairman is not following the Rules of Procedure or is not being sufficiently active in ensuring that others are doing so, he/she has the right to raise a point of order. The Rules of Procedure also suggest that the Chairman can interrupt in proceedings to hear the point of order and he has to rule immediately on it.
The Rules also suggest that if any delegate believes in the fact that the Chairman’s is ruling incorrectly, he/she can appeal against the ruling. It is because the ultimate power in a Committee rests with the delegates. The Rules further also provide that if the appeal is successful, than the Chairman must immediately move according to the appeal.
Further if the Chairman's ruling on a particular point of order is appealed, than the question is put before the Committee, whether the Chairman's ruling should be accepted or rejected. To show their consent or rejection, delegate vote 'Yes' or 'No'.
There is a widely-used convention which is used for signalling the Chairman the reason you are asking for the floor is not to simply seek to add your name in the speaker's list but it is to raise a point of order. The delegate makes a sign of 'T' with their hand and nameplate.
Suspension of a meeting : Meeting suspension can be done for a limited amount of time. This is done upon the request from a Member State or by the PGA. It is also the fact that a suspended meeting is often resumed on the same day of suspension.
Adjournment of a meeting : majority, after a maximum of two delegations who have spoken in favour of and two in against the request.
Explanation of vote:
Member states have the right that before and after action is taken on a draft resolution/decision, they can explain their vote or if it’s the case of an adoption by consensus then their position. The main sponsor and the co-sponsors of a draft resolution have no right for making explanations of vote.
The spoken word
There are other rules of debate that are not spelt out in the written Rules of Procedure but are enshrined within the tradition ‘culture’ of each conference. They are the spoken words.